Categories Anthropology II

II.1.1.1 Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic) Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures

Technique and types

  1. Raw material- wood, stone. Ivory, antler and metal
  2. Primary fabrication techniques
    1. Uncontrolled flacking
      1. Direct percussion
      2. Block on block technique
    2. Controlled flacking
      1. Step or resolved flacking
      2. Cylinder hammer or hollow hammer technique
      3. Punching technique
      4. Pressure flacking

3. Compound technique

  1. Clactonian
  2. Levallois technique
  3. Fluting – microlithic technique

4. Polishing and grinding – Neolithic finishing technique evolved

  1. Pecking
  2. Grinding            Stone axe
  3. Polishing
  4. Drilling technique- ring stones and bolas

paleolithic.jpg

mesolith.jpg

sites paleo

protohistory.jpg

Mature Harappan sites.jpg

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