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II. 6.1.3 Tribal population and its distribution

The Census of 2011 enumerates the total population of Scheduled Tribes at 10,42,81,034 persons, constituting 8.6 per cent of the population of the country, the tribal communities in India are enormously diverse and heterogeneous. There are wide ranging diversities among them in respect of languages spoken, size of population and mode of livelihood. The number […]

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II. 6.1.2 Linguistic classification

The languages of India fall into four different linguistic families. These are Indo-European, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and the Tibeto-Burman sub-family of the Sino-Tibetan languages. Approximately three-fourths of the country speaks languages belonging to Indo-European family. However, only a little over one per cent of tribal population speak languages of this family, the Bhil and Halbi tribes […]

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II. 6.1.1 Bio-genetic variability

I. H N Risley Dravidian Long head, broad nose, depressed nasal root, dark eyes, dark complexion, short statute, curly hair Ex. Santhal, Bhil , Gond, Paniyan, tribes of south india and southern MP Mongoloid Tribes of Himalayan region and NE region II. B.S. Guha Negrito Small head, short stature, wooly hair, bulbous forehead, smooth supraorbital […]

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II. 6.1 Tribal situation in India

The tribal population in India, though a numerically small minority, represents an enormous diversity of groups. They vary among themselves in respect of language and linguistic traits, ecological settings in which they live, physical features, size of the population, the extent of acculturation, dominant modes of making a livelihood, level of development and social stratification. […]

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