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I. 1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures

Broad outlines of pre-historic cultures

prehistoric culture

Age Period Tools Economy Dwelling Society Religion
Stone

Age

Paleolithic Handmade tools
and        objects found in nature
– club, sharpened
stone, chopper,
hand      axe, scraper, spear,
harpoon, needle, scratch awl
Hunting and gathering Mobile
lifestyle
caves, huts,
tooth or skin
hovels,
mostly       by

rivers      and

lakes

A. band of

edible-plant

gatherers

and hunters

(25-100.

people)

Evidence for

belief in the

Mesolithic Handmade tools
and         objects

found in nature
bow and
arrow, fish –
basket, boats

Tribes and afterlife                  first
appears in the
Upper
bands Paleolithic,
marked by the
appearance of
burial      rituals

and       ancestor

worship. Priests
and sanctuary
servants appear
in              the

Neolithic Handmade tools
and objects found in nature – chisel, hoe, plough, yoke, reaping-hook, grain pourer, barley, loom, earthenware
(pottery) and
weapons
Neolithic Revolution transition to agriculture. Gathering, hunting, fishing
and domestication
Farmsteads Tribes and

fprmatiqn_of_

chiefdoms

in       some

Neolithic
societies the
end of the
period

prehistory.
Bronze Age Copper     and bronze tools,
potter’s wheel
Agriculture, cattle

breeding.

Iron Age Iron tools agriculture, craft, trade Formation of
cities
Formation
of states
Age Period Tools Economy Dwelling Society Religion
Stone

Age

Paleolithic Handmade tools
and        objects found in nature
– club, sharpened
stone, chopper,
hand      axe, scraper, spear,
harpoon, needle, scratch awl
Hunting and gathering Mobile
lifestyle
caves, huts,
tooth or skin
hovels,
mostly       by

rivers      and

lakes

A. band of

edible-plant

gatherers

and hunters

(25-100.

people)

Evidence for

belief in the

Mesolithic Handmade tools
and         objects

found in nature
bow and
arrow, fish –
basket, boats

Tribes and afterlife                  first
appears in the
Upper
bands Paleolithic,
marked by the
appearance of
burial      rituals

and       ancestor

worship. Priests
and sanctuary
servants appear
in              the

Neolithic Handmade tools
and objects found in nature – chisel, hoe, plough, yoke, reaping-hook, grain pourer, barley, loom, earthenware
(pottery) and
weapons
Neolithic Revolution transition to agriculture. Gathering, hunting, fishing
and domestication
Farmsteads Tribes and

fprmatiqn_of_

chiefdoms

in       some

Neolithic
societies the
end of the
period

prehistory.
Bronze Age Copper     and bronze tools,
potter’s wheel
Agriculture, cattle

breeding.

Iron Age Iron tools agriculture, craft, trade Formation of
cities
Formation
of states
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