Categories Anthropology

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

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  1. 1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.
  2. 1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Social Sciences
  3. 1.2.2 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Behavioural Sciences,
  4. 1.2.3 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Life Sciences,
  5. 1.2.4 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Medical Sciences,
  6. 1.2.5 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Earth Sciences
  7. 1.2.6 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Humanities.
  8. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  9. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Psychology
  10. 1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  11. 1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  12. 1.2 Anthropology and history
  13. 1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  14. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  15. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  16. 1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  17. 1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  18. 1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
  19. 1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  20. 1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
  21. 1.4 Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  22. 1.4 Theories of Organic Evolution
  23. 1.4 Pre- Darwinian Lamarckism, Theory of continuity of germplasm, Neo-lamarckism ,
  24. 1.4 Darwinian
  25. 1.4 Post- Darwinian Mutation theory of evolution, Synthetic theory of evolution
  26. 1.4 Synthetic theory of evolution
  27. 1.7 The Cell
  28. 1.7 Cell Division
  29. 1.7 Gene,
  30. 1.4.C Gause’s rule
  31. 1.4.C Doll’s rule
  32. 1.4.C Cope’s rule
  33. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  34. 1.6.a Australopithecines
  35. 1.8 Prehistoric Art
  36. 1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  37. 1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  38. 1.8(b).i Paleolithic culture
  39. 1.8(b).(ii) Mesolithic
  40. 1.8(b).(iii) Neolithic
  41. 1.8(b).(iv) Chalcolithic
  42. 1.8(b).(v) Copper-Bronze Age
  43. 1.8(b).(vi) Iron Age
  44. 1.8 Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
  45. 1.8 European mesolithic culture
  46. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  47. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of civilization;
  48. 2.1 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism
  49. 2.1 Acculturation: Assimilation
  50. 2.2 Social Institutions;
  51. 2.2 Social groups
  52. 2.2 Social stratification
  53. 2.3 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo);
  54. 2.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  55. 2.3 Functions of marriage;
  56. 2.3 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  57. 2.4 functions of family;
  58. 2.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession);
  59. 2.5 Consanguinity and Affinity;
  60. 2.2.1 THE CONCEPT OF SOCIETY
  61. 2.2.2 Culture and Society
  62. 5.3 Sacred and profane
  63. 5.4 Myths and Rituals
  64. 1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes
  65. 1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
  66. 1.6. (c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  67. 7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language
  68. 7.3 Social Context Of Language Use  
  69. 7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  70. 1.4 parallelism and convergence,
  71. 1.4 adaptive radiation,
  72. 1.4 mosaic evolution
  73. 1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  74. 1.5 Evolutionary Trend and  Primate Taxonomy;
  75. 1.5 Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  76. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy;
  77. 1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  78. 1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates;
  79. 1.5 Living Major Primates;
  80. 6.(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
  81. 6.(b) Historicism
  82. 6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  83. 6.(b) Diffusionism
  84. 6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  85. 6.(c) Functionalism
  86. 6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  87. 6.(c) Structural- functionalism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  88. 6.(d) Structuralism
  89. 6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  90. 6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  91. 6.(e) Culture and personality
  92. 6.(e) Culture and personality – Benedict
  93. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Mead
  94. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  95. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Kardiner      and
  96. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Cora – du Bois
  97. 6.(f) Neo-evolutionism
  98. 6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  99. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  100. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  101. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  102. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  103. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  104. 6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  105. 6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  106. 6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  107. 6.j Post- modernism in anthropology
  108. 4.1 Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state;
  109. 4.1 Chiefdom
  110. 4.2 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  111. 4.3 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
  112. 2.3 Definition of Marriage
  113. 2.3 Universality of Marriage;
  114. 2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  115. 2.4 Definition of  family
  116. 2.4 Universality of  family
  117. 2.4 Family, household and domestic groups;
  118. 2.4 Factors which affect family
  119. 2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  120. 2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  121. 2.4 Impact of feminist movements on family.
  122. 2.5 Kinship
  123. 2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  124. 2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  125. 2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  126. 2.5 Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation;
  127. 2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  128. 2.5 Descent
  129. 2.5 Alliance
  130. 5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  131. 5.2 monotheism and polytheism;
  132. 5 Religion
  133. 5 Magic
  134. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-animism,
  135. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- animatism,
  136. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  137. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  138. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- totemism;
  139. 5.6 Religion, magic and science distinguished;
  140. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- priest,
  141. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- shaman,
  142. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- medicine man,
  143. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- sorcerer
  144. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- witch
  145. 8.(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  146. 8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  147. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: observation,
  148. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: interview,
  149. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  150. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: questionnaire,
  151. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: Case study,
  152. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  153. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  154. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  155. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  156. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  157. 8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data
  158. 3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  159. 3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate;
  160. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  161. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  162. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  163. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  164. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture,
  165. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  166. 3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  167. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis,
  168. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  169. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  170. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- co-twin method,
  171. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method,
  172. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- chromosomal
  173. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  174. 9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  175. 9.1.3 immunological methods,
  176. 9.1.4 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  177. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
  178. 9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection,
  179. 9.3 Mendelian population,
  180. 9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law;
  181. 9.3 causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  182. 9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  183. 9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology-
  184. 9.4.(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  185. 9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  186. 9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  187. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-1
  188. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-2
  189. 9.4.(d) Genetic screening,
  190. 9.4.(d) Genetic counseling,
  191. 9.4.(d) human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.
  192. 9.5 Race and Racism
  193. 9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  194. 9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  195. 9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  196. 9.5 Racial classification
  197. 9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes.
  198. 9.6 Physiological characteristics- Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  199. 9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology.
  200. 9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  201. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert,
  202. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate
  203. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  204. 9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  205. 9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  206. 9.8 Infectious diseases-2 
  207. 9.8 Non-infectious diseases.
  208. 9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  209. 9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  210. 10. Concept of human growth and development:
  211. 10 Principles of Human growth and development
  212. 10. stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  213. 10.Factors affecting growth and development- genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.
  214. 10.Theories and observations – Ageing and senescence.
  215. 10. Biological and chronological longevity.
  216. 10. Human physique and somatotypes.
  217. 10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  218. 11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  219. 11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  220. 11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  221. 11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  222. 12. Applied anthropology
  223. 12. Medical anthropology
  224. 12. Anthropology of sports,
  225. 12. Nutritional anthropology,
  226. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments,
  227. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments-2
  228. 12. Forensic Anthropology,
  229. 12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  230. 12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  231. 12. Genetic counselling
  232. 12. Eugenics
  233. 12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  234. 12. Applied human genetics –DNA technology in diseases and medicine
  235. 12. Applied human genetics – serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  236. 12. Applications of Anthropology
  237. 1.7  DNA structure
  238. 1.7 DNA replication
  239. 1.7 Protein Synthesis,
  240. 1.7 Mutation,
  241. 1.7 Chromosomes,
  242. 9 Gene therapy
  243. 9 Mutation
  244. 9 Mendelism
  245. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  246. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  247. 1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution.
  248. 1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  249. 226. 1.6.(d) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- Rhodesian man.
  250. 2. Culture
  251. 9.3 Genetic load
  252. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of
      1.  Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus),
      2. Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis),
      3. Asia     (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis)

253. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- (e) Homo sapiens

      1. Cromagnon,
      2. Grimaldi
      3. Chancelede.

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