Categories Anthropology I

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

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  1. I. Etic vs Emic view
  1. I.1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology
  2. I. Holism Vs Atomism in Anthropology
  1. I.1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  2. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Life Sciences
  3. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Medical Sciences,
  4. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  5. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  6. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  7. I.1.2. Social Anthropology and Psychology
  8. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Behavioural Sciences,
  9. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences
  1. I.1.2 Anthropology and history
  2. I.1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  3. I.1.2 Anthropology and Zoology
  4. I.1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  5. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Earth Sciences
  6. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Humanities.
  1. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology- 2
  2. I.1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  1. I.1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  2. I.1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  3. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  4. I.1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
 

  1. I.1.4 (b) Mutation Theory of Evolution
  2. I.1.4. (C) Synthetic theory of evolution
  3. I.1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution
  4. I.1.4 Parallelism and convergence
  5. I.1.4.C Doll’s rule
  6. I.1.4.C Gause’s rule
  1. I.1.4 (a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  2. I.1.4 (b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post- Darwinian)
  3. I.1.4 (b) Lamarckism
  4. I.1.4 (b) Neo- Lamarckism
  5. I.1.4(B) August Weismann- Theory of continuity of Germ -plasm
  6. I.1.4(b) Darwinism
  7. I.1.4 Adaptive radiation
  8. I.1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man
  9. I.1.4.C Cope’s rule
  10. I.1.4.c Mosaic evolution

 

  1. I.1.5 Primate Adaptations: (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  2. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy- 2
  3. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy-3
  4. I.1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes;
  5. I.1.5 Quaternary fossil primates
  6. I.1.5 Tertiary fossil primates
  7. I.1.5 Living Major Primates
  1. I.1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  2. I.1.5 Evolutionary Trend
  3. I.1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  4. I.1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  5. I.1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
 

  1. I.1.6.(a) Australopithecines
  2. I.1.6.(b) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution- Homo erectus
  3. I.1.6.(e) Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.
  1. I.1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  2. I.1.6.(d) Rhodesian man.
  3. I.1.6.(c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  1. I.1.7 Chromosome
  2. I.1.7 DNA replication
  3. I.1.7 Protein synthesis
  1. I.1.7 DNA
  2. I.1.7 Gene
  3. I.1.7 Mutation
  4. I.1.7.1 The biological basis of life -The cell
  5. I.1.7. Cell Division
  1. 1.8.(a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  2. I.1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  3. I.1.8 Prehistoric Art
  4. I.1.8 The European Mesolithic culture
  5. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Chalcolithic cultures:
  6. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Copper-Bronze Age cultures:
  7. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Iron Age cultures:
  8. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Mesolithic cultures:
  9. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Neolithic cultures:
  1. I.1.8.(a) Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods
  2. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Paleolithic culture
  1. I.2.1.2 The concept and characteristics of civilization
  2. I.2.2.1 The Concept Of Society
  1. I.2 Acculturation: Assimilation
  2. I.2 Culture
  3. I.2.1.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  4. I.2.1.2 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis Cultural relativism
  1. I.2.2.5 Social stratification
  1. I.2.2.2 Culture and Society
  2. I.2.2.3 Social institution
  3. I.2.2.4 Social groups
  1. I.2.3 Marriage- universality
  2. I. 2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage)- 2
  3. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)-2
  4. I.2.3 Characteristics of marriage
  5. I.2.3 Incest taboo
  6. I.2.3 Different ways of acquiring mate in primitive societies
  1. I.2.3 Definition of marriage
  2. I.2.3 Marriage finances
  3. I.2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  4. I.2.3. 4. Functions of marriage
  5. I.2.3.2 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo)
  6. I.2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  7. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  1. I.2.4 Family- universality
  2. I.2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  3. I.2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  4.  I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)- 2
  5. I.2.4 Kibbutz (Israeli commune)

  6. I.2.4 Nature of changes in family

  7. I.2.4 Joint Family
  1. I.2.4 Definition of Family
  2. I.2.4 Factors which affect family
  3. I.2.4 Family, household and domestic groups
  4. I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)
  5. I.2.4.3 Functions of family
  1. I.2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  2. I.2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  1. I.2.5.1 Consanguinity and Affinity
  2. I.2.5 Descent
  3. I.2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  4. I.2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  5. I.2.5 Kinship
  1. I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market
  2. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  3. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  4. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture
  5. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  6. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  7. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  8. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  1. I.3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  2. I.3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate
  1. I.4 Approaches to study politics
  2. I.4 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  3. I.4 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
 

  1. I.4.1 Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state
  2. I.4.1 Chiefdom
  1. I.5 Religion, Magic and Science distinguished
  2. I.5.4 Myths and Rituals
  3. I.5.6.1 Religion
  4. I.5.7 Magico- religious functionaries- Shaman
  5. 5.2 monotheism and polytheism;
  1. I.5 Religion
  2. I.5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  3. I.5.3 SACRED AND PROFANE
  4. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  5. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  6. I.5.5.1 Animism
  7. I.5.5.2 Animatism
  8. I.5.5.5 Totemism
  9. I.5.6.2 Magic
  10. I.5.7.1 Priest
  11. I.5.7.3 Sorcerer, witch doctor, medicine man and medium
  1. I.6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  2. I.6.(c) Functionalism
  3. I.6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  4. I.6.(c) Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  5. I.6.(d) Structuralism
  6. I.6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  7. I.6.(e) Culture and personality
  8. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Abram Kardiner
  9. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Alice Cora-Du-Bois
  10. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Margaret Mead
  11. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  12. I.6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  13. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  14. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  15. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  16. I.6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  17. I.6.(J) Post- modernism in anthropology
  1. I.6.(a) Classical evolutionism
  2. I.6.(b) Diffusionism
  3. I.6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  4. I.6.(b) Historicism
  5. I.6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  6. I.6.(e). Culture and personality- Ruth Benedict
  7. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  8. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  9. I.6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  10. I.6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  1. I.7.3 Social Context Of Language Use-:
  2. I.7 Language and culture
  1. I.7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language;
  2. I.7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  1. I.8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  2. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  3. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  4. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  5. I.8.C.2 a.  Tools of data collection- Focus group interview
  6. I.8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
  1. I.8 (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  2. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  3. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  4. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  5. I.8.C.1  Tools of data collection- observation
  6. I.8.C.5 Tools of data collection-Case study
  7. I.8.C.4  Tools of data collection- Questionnaire
  1. I.9. Ethical, Legal and Social (ELS) Issues in Genetics
  2. I.9.1 Immunological methods,
  3. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  4. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  5. I.9.1Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis
  6. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- Co-twin study,
  7. I.9.1 Exception to Mendel’s laws of inheritance
  1. I.9 Gene therapy
  2. I.9 Mendelism
  3. I.9.1 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  4. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method
  5. I.9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  6. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  1. I. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man- 2
  1. I.9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man-1.
  1. I.9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection
  2. I.9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  3. I.9.3 Genetic load
  4. I.9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law
  1. I.9.3 Causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  2. I.9.3 Mutation
  3. I.9.3 Mendelian population,
  1. I.9.4 (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  2. I.9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  3. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 2
  4. I.9.4.d Human DNA profiling
  5. I.9.4 Gene mapping and genome study
  1. I.9.4 Chromosomal aberrations in man
  2. I.9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  3. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 1
  4. I.9.4.(d) Genetic screening
  1. I.9.5 Race
  2. I.9.5 Race and racism,
  1. I.9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  2. I.9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  3. I.9.5 Racial classification
  4. I.9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  1. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO
  2. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Rh blood groups
  3. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Gm
  4. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HLA
  5. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Transferrin System
  6. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- body fat in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  7. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- Hb level in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  8. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics-sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups
  1. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- blood enzymes
 

  1. I.9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology
  1. I.9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  2. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate.
  3. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  4. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert
  1. I.9.8 Infectious diseases- 2
  2. I.9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  3. I.9.8 Non-infectious diseases.
  1. I.9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  2. I.9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  3. I.9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  1. I.10 Ageing and senescence- Theories and observations
  2. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence
  3. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  4. I.10.5 biological and chronological longevity.
  1. I.10 Factors affecting growth and development
  2. I.10 Human physique and somatotypes.
  3. I.10 Principles of Human growth and development
  4. I.10. Concept of human growth and development:
  5. I.10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  6. I.10 Growth curve
  1. I.11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  2. I.11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  3. I.11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  1. I.11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  1. I.12 Forensic Anthropology
  2. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments- 2
  3. I.12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  4. I.12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  5. I.12. Serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  6. I.12 Nutritional anthropology
  7. I.12 DNA technology in disease & medicine.
  1. I.12 Anthropology of sports,
  2. I.12 Applied anthropology
  3. I.12 Genetic counselling
  4. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments
  5. I.12. Applications of Anthropology
  6. I.12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  7. I.12. Medical anthropology

 

  1. 1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.
  2. 1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Social Sciences
  3. 1.2.2 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Behavioural Sciences,
  4. 1.2.3 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Life Sciences,
  5. 1.2.4 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Medical Sciences,
  6. 1.2.5 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Earth Sciences
  7. 1.2.6 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Humanities.
  8. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  9. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Psychology
  10. 1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  11. 1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  12. 1.2 Anthropology and history
  13. 1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  14. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  15. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  16. 1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  17. 1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  18. 1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
  19. 1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  20. 1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
  21. 1.4 Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  22. 1.4 Theories of Organic Evolution
  23. 1.4 Pre- Darwinian Lamarckism, Theory of continuity of germplasm, Neo-lamarckism ,
  24. 1.4 Darwinian
  25. 1.4 Post- Darwinian Mutation theory of evolution, Synthetic theory of evolution
  26. 1.4 Synthetic theory of evolution
  27. 1.7 The Cell
  28. 1.7 Cell Division
  29. 1.7 Gene,
  30. 1.4.C Gause’s rule
  31. 1.4.C Doll’s rule
  32. 1.4.C Cope’s rule
  33. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  34. 1.6.a Australopithecines
  35. 1.8 Prehistoric Art
  36. 1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  37. 1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  38. 1.8(b).i Paleolithic culture
  39. 1.8(b).(ii) Mesolithic
  40. 1.8(b). (iii) Neolithic
  41. 1.8(b). (iv) Chalcolithic
  42. 1.8(b). (v) Copper-Bronze Age
  43. 1.8(b). (vi) Iron Age
  44. 1.8 Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
  45. 1.8 European mesolithic culture
  46. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  47. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of civilization;
  48. 2.1 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism
  49. 2.1 Acculturation: Assimilation
  50. 2.2 Social Institutions;
  51. 2.2 Social groups
  52. 2.2 Social stratification
  53. 2.3 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo);
  54. 2.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  55. 2.3 Functions of marriage;
  56. 2.3 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  57. 2.4 functions of family;
  58. 2.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession);
  59. 2.5 Consanguinity and Affinity;
  60. 2.2.1 THE CONCEPT OF SOCIETY
  61. 2.2.2 Culture and Society
  62. 5.3 Sacred and profane
  63. 5.4 Myths and Rituals
  64. 1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes
  65. 1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
  66. 1.6. (c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  67. 7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language
  68. 7.3 Social Context Of Language Use  
  69. 7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  70. 1.4 parallelism and convergence,
  71. 1.4 adaptive radiation,
  72. 1.4 mosaic evolution
  73. 1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  74. 1.5 Evolutionary Trend and  Primate Taxonomy;
  75. 1.5 Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  76. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy;
  77. 1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  78. 1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates;
  79. 1.5 Living Major Primates;
  80. 6.(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
  81. 6.(b) Historicism
  82. 6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  83. 6.(b) Diffusionism
  84. 6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  85. 6.(c) Functionalism
  86. 6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  87. 6.(c) Structural- functionalism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  88. 6.(d) Structuralism
  89. 6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  90. 6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  91. 6.(e) Culture and personality
  92. 6.(e) Culture and personality – Benedict
  93. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Mead
  94. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  95. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Kardiner      and
  96. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Cora – du Bois
  97. 6.(f) Neo-evolutionism
  98. 6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  99. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  100. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  101. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  102. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  103. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  104. 6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  105. 6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  106. 6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  107. 6.j Post- modernism in anthropology
  108. 4.1 Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state;
  109. 4.1 Chiefdom
  110. 4.2 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  111. 4.3 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
  112. 2.3 Definition of Marriage
  113. 2.3 Universality of Marriage;
  114. 2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  115. 2.4 Definition of  family
  116. 2.4 Universality of  family
  117. 2.4 Family, household and domestic groups;
  118. 2.4 Factors which affect family
  119. 2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  120. 2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  121. 2.4 Impact of feminist movements on family.
  122. 2.5 Kinship
  123. 2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  124. 2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  125. 2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  126. 2.5 Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation;
  127. 2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  128. 2.5 Descent
  129. 2.5 Alliance
  130. 5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  131. 5.2 monotheism and polytheism;
  132. 5 Religion
  133. 5 Magic
  134. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-animism,
  135. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- animatism,
  136. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  137. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  138. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- totemism;
  139. 5.6 Religion, magic and science distinguished;
  140. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- priest,
  141. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- shaman,
  142. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- medicine man,
  143. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- sorcerer
  144. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- witch
  145. 8.(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  146. 8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  147. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: observation,
  148. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: interview,
  149. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  150. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: questionnaire,
  151. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: Case study,
  152. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  153. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  154. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  155. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  156. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  157. 8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data
  158. 3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  159. 3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate;
  160. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  161. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  162. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  163. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  164. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture,
  165. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  166. 3. Principles of exchange and Tribal Market
  167. 3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  168. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis,
  169. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  170. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  171. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- co-twin method,
  172. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method,
  173. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- chromosomal
  174. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  175. 9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  176. 9.1.3 immunological methods,
  177. 9.1.4 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  178. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
  179. 9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection,
  180. 9.3 Mendelian population,
  181. 9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law;
  182. 9.3 causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  183. 9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  184. 9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology-
  185. 9.4.(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  186. 9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  187. 9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  188. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-1
  189. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-2
  190. 9.4.(d) Genetic screening,
  191. 9.4.(d) Genetic counseling,
  192. 9.4.(d) human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.
  193. 9.5 Race and Racism
  194. 9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  195. 9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  196. 9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  197. 9.5 Racial classification
  198. 9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes.
  199. 9.6 Physiological characteristics- Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  200. 9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology.
  201. 9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  202. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert,
  203. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate
  204. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  205. 9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  206. 9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  207. 9.8 Infectious diseases-2 
  208. 9.8 Non-infectious diseases.
  209. 9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  210. 9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  211. 10. Concept of human growth and development:
  212. 10 Principles of Human growth and development
  213. 10. stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  214. 10.Factors affecting growth and development- genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.
  215. 10.Theories and observations – Ageing and senescence.
  216. 10. Biological and chronological longevity.
  217. 10. Human physique and somatotypes.
  218. 10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  219. 11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  220. 11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  221. 11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  222. 11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  223. 12. Applied anthropology
  224. 12. Medical anthropology
  225. 12. Anthropology of sports,
  226. 12. Nutritional anthropology,
  227. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments,
  228. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments-2
  229. 12. Forensic Anthropology,
  230. 12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  231. 12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  232. 12. Genetic counselling
  233. 12. Eugenics
  234. 12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  235. 12. Applied human genetics –DNA technology in diseases and medicine
  236. 12. Applied human genetics – serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  237. 12. Applications of Anthropology
  238. 1.7  DNA structure
  239. 1.7 DNA replication
  240. 1.7 Protein Synthesis,
  241. 1.7 Mutation,
  242. 1.7 Chromosomes,
  243. 9 Gene therapy
  244. 9 Mutation
  245. 9 Mendelism
  246. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  247. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  248. 1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution.
  249. 1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  250. 226. 1.6.(d) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- Rhodesian man.
  251. 2. Culture
  252. 9.3 Genetic load
  253. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of  Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis),  Asia     (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis)
  254. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- (e) Homo sapiens Cromagnon, Grimaldi Chancelede.
  255. I.4 Approaches to study politics

256. 10. Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence

257. I. Etic vs Emic view

258. I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market

259. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.

260. I.10.5 biological and chronological longevity.

261. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics-sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups

262. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- body fat in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

263. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- Hb level in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

264. I.2.3 Characteristics of marriage

265. I.2.3 Incest taboo

266. I.2.3 Different ways of acquiring mate in primitive societies

267. I.2.3 Joint Family

268. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- Co-twin study,

269. I.9.1 Exception to Mendel’s laws of inheritance

270. I.9.4 Gene mapping and genome study

271. I.1.5 Living Major Primates

272. I.1.5 Tertiary fossil primates

273. I.1.5 Quaternary fossil primates

274. I.12 Nutritional anthropology 

 275. I.12 DNA technology in disease & medicine.  

 276. I.10 Growth curve

277. I.7 Language and culture

278. I.9. Ethical, Legal and Social (ELS) Issues in Genetics

279. I. Holism Vs Atomism in Anthropology

280. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Rh blood groups

281. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HLA

282. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Gm

283. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- blood enzymes

284. I.2.3 Marriage- universality

285. I.2.4 Family- universality

286 I.9.4.d Human DNA profiling

287. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)-2

288. I.2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage)- 2

289. I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)- 2

290. I.2.3 Marriage finances

291. I.2.4 Nature of changes in family

292. I.2.4 Kibbutz (Israeli commune)  

293. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology- 2

294. I. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man- 2.

295. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Transferrin System

 

 

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