Categories AnthropologyAnthropology I

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

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  1. I.1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology
  2. I. Holism Vs Atomism in Anthropology
  3. I. Etic vs Emic view
  1. I.1.2 Anthropology and history
  2. I.1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  3. I.1.2 Anthropology and Zoology
  4. I.1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  5. I.1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  6. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Earth Sciences
  7. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Humanities.
  8. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Life Sciences
  9. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Medical Sciences,
  10. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  11. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  12. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  13. I.1.2. Social Anthropology and Psychology
  14. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Behavioural Sciences,
  15. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences
  1. I.1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  2. I.1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  3. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  4. I.1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
  5. I.1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  1. I.1.4 (a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  2. I.1.4 (b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post- Darwinian)
  3. I.1.4 (b) Lamarckism
  4. I.1.4 (b) Mutation Theory of Evolution
  5. I.1.4 (b) Neo- Lamarckism
  6. I.1.4(B) August Weismann- Theory of continuity of Germ -plasm
  7. I.1.4(b) Darwinism
  8. I.1.4. (C) Synthetic theory of evolution
  9. I.1.4 Adaptive radiation
  10. I.1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man
  11. I.1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution
  12. I.1.4 Parallelism and convergence
  13. I.1.4.C Cope’s rule
  14. I.1.4.C Doll’s rule
  15. I.1.4.C Gause’s rule
  16. I.1.4.c Mosaic evolution
  1. I.1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  2. I.1.5 Evolutionary Trend
  3. I.1.5 Primate Adaptations: (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  4. I.1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  5. I.1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  6. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy- 2
  7. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy-3
  8. I.1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes;
  9. I.1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
  10. I.1.5 Quaternary fossil primates
  11. I.1.5 Tertiary fossil primates
  12. I.1.5 Living Major Primates
  1. I.1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  2. I.1.6.(b) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution- Homo erectus
  3. I.1.6.(d) Rhodesian man.
  4. I.1.6.(e) Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.
  5. I.1.6.(a) Australopithecines
  6. I.1.6.(c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  1. I.1.7 Chromosome
  2. I.1.7 DNA
  3. I.1.7 DNA replication
  4. I.1.7 Gene
  5. I.1.7 Protein synthesis
  6. I.1.7 Mutation
  7. I.1.7.1 The biological basis of life -The cell
  8. I.1.7. Cell Division
  1. I.1.8 Prehistoric Art
  2. I.1.8 The European Mesolithic culture
  3. I.1.8.(a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  4. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Chalcolithic cultures:
  5. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Copper-Bronze Age cultures:
  6. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Iron Age cultures:
  7. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Mesolithic cultures:
  8. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Neolithic cultures:
  9. I.1.8.a Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods
  10. I.1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  11. I.1.8.b.i Paleolithic culture
  1. I.2 Acculturation: Assimilation
  2. I.2 Culture
  3. I.2.1.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  4. I.2.1.2 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis Cultural relativism
  5. I.2.1.2 The concept and characteristics of civilization
  6. I.2.2.1 The Concept Of Society
  1. I.2.2.2 Culture and Society
  2. I.2.2.3 Social institution
  3. I.2.2.4 Social groups
  4. I.2.2.5 Social stratification
  1. I.2.3 Definition of marriage
  2. I.2.3 Marriage- universality
  3. I.2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  4. I.2.3. 4. Functions of marriage
  5. I.2.3.2 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo)
  6. I.2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  7. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  8. I.2.3 Characteristics of marriage
  9. I.2.3 Incest taboo
  10. I.2.3 Different ways of acquiring mate in primitive societies
  1. I.2.4 Definition of Family
  2. I.2.4 Family- universality
  3. I.2.4 Factors which affect family
  4. I.2.4 Family, household and domestic groups
  5. I.2.4 Impact of feminist movements on family.
  6. I.2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  7. I.2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  8. I.2.4.3 Functions of family
  9. I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)
  1. I.2.5.1 Consanguinity and Affinity
  2. I.2.5 Descent
  3. I.2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  4. I.2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  5. I.2.5 Kinship
  6. I.2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  7. I.2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  1. I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market
  2. I.3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  3. I.3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate
  4. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  5. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  6. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture
  7. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  8. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  9. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  10. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  1. I.4 Approaches to study politics
  2. I.4 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  3. I.4 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
  4. I.4.1 Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state
  5. I.4.1 Chiefdom
  1. I.5 Religion
  2. I.5 Religion, Magic and Science distinguished
  3. I.5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  4. I.5.3 SACRED AND PROFANE
  5. I.5.4 Myths and Rituals
  6. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  7. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  8. I.5.5.1 Animism
  9. I.5.5.2 Animatism
  10. I.5.5.5 Totemism
  11. I.5.6.1 Religion
  12. I.5.6.2 MAGIC
  13. I.5.7 magico- religious functionaries- Shaman
  14. I.5.7.1 Priest
  15. I.5.7.3 Sorcerer, witch doctor, medicine man and medium
  1. I.6.(a) Classical evolutionism
  2. I.6.(b) Diffusionism
  3. I.6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  4. I.6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  5. I.6.(b) Historicism
  6. I.6.(c) Functionalism
  7. I.6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  8. I.6.(c) Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  9. I.6.(d) Structuralism
  10. I.6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  11. I.6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  12. I.6.(e) Culture and personality
  13. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Abram Kardiner
  14. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Alice Cora-Du-Bois
  15. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Margaret Mead
  16. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  17. I.6.(e). Culture and personality- Ruth Benedict
  18. I.6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  19. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  20. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  21. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  22. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  23. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  24. I.6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  25. I.6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  26. I.6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  27. I.6.(J) Post- modernism in anthropology
  1. I.7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language;
  2. I.7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  3. I.7.3 Social Context Of Language Use-:
  4. I.7 Language and culture
  1. I.8 (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  2. I.8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  3. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  4. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  5. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  6. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  7. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  8. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  9. I.8.C.1  Tools of data collection- OBSERVATION
  10. I.8.C.2 a.  Tools of data collection- Focus group interview
  11. I.8.C.5 Tools of data collection-Case study
  12. I.8.C.4  Tools of data collection- Questionnaire
  13. I.8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
  1. I.9 Gene therapy
  2. I.9. Ethical, Legal and Social (ELS) Issues in Genetics
  3. I.9 Mendelism
  4. I.9.1 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  5. I.9.1 Immunological methods,
  6. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method
  7. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  8. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  9. I.9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  10. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  11. I.9.1Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis
  12. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- Co-twin study,
  13. I.9.1 Exception to Mendel’s laws of inheritance
  1. I.9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
  1. I.9.3 Causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  2. I.9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection
  3. I.9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  4. I.9.3 Genetic load
  5. I.9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law
  6. I.9.3 Mendelian population,
  7. I.9.3 Mutation
  1. I.9.4 (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  2. I.9.4 Chromosomal aberrations in man
  3. I.9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  4. I.9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  5. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 1
  6. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 2
  7. I.9.4.(d) Genetic screening
  8. I.9.4.d Human DNA profiling
  9. I.9.4 Gene mapping and genome study
  1. I.9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  2. I.9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  3. I.9.5 Race
  4. I.9.5 Race and racism,
  5. I.9.5 Racial classification
  6. I.9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  1. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO
  2. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Rh blood groups
  3. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- blood enzymes
  4. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Gm
  5. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HLA
  6. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- body fat in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  7. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- Hb level in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  8. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics-sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups
  1. I.9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  2. I.9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology
  3. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate.
  4. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  5. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert
  1. I.9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  2. I.9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  3. I.9.8 Infectious diseases- 2
  4. I.9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  5. I.9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  1. I.10 Ageing and senescence- Theories and observations
  2. I.10 Factors affecting growth and development
  3. I.10 Human physique and somatotypes.
  4. I.10 Principles of Human growth and development
  5. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence
  6. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  7. I.10. Concept of human growth and development:
  8. I.10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  9. I.10.5 biological and chronological longevity.
  10. I.10 Growth curve
  1. I.11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  2. I.11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  3. I.11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  4. I.11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  1. I.12 Anthropology of sports,
  2. I.12 Applied anthropology
  3. I.12 Forensic Anthropology
  4. I.12 Genetic counselling
  5. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments
  6. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments- 2
  7. I.12. Applications of Anthropology
  8. I.12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  9. I.12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  10. I.12. Medical anthropology
  11. I.12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  12. I.12. serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  13. I.12 Nutritional anthropology
  14. I.12 DNA technology in disease & medicine.
  1. 1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.
  2. 1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Social Sciences
  3. 1.2.2 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Behavioural Sciences,
  4. 1.2.3 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Life Sciences,
  5. 1.2.4 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Medical Sciences,
  6. 1.2.5 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Earth Sciences
  7. 1.2.6 Relationships with other disciplines:-     Humanities.
  8. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  9. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Psychology
  10. 1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  11. 1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  12. 1.2 Anthropology and history
  13. 1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  14. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  15. 1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  16. 1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  17. 1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  18. 1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
  19. 1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  20. 1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
  21. 1.4 Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  22. 1.4 Theories of Organic Evolution
  23. 1.4 Pre- Darwinian Lamarckism, Theory of continuity of germplasm, Neo-lamarckism ,
  24. 1.4 Darwinian
  25. 1.4 Post- Darwinian Mutation theory of evolution, Synthetic theory of evolution
  26. 1.4 Synthetic theory of evolution
  27. 1.7 The Cell
  28. 1.7 Cell Division
  29. 1.7 Gene,
  30. 1.4.C Gause’s rule
  31. 1.4.C Doll’s rule
  32. 1.4.C Cope’s rule
  33. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  34. 1.6.a Australopithecines
  35. 1.8 Prehistoric Art
  36. 1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  37. 1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  38. 1.8(b).i Paleolithic culture
  39. 1.8(b).(ii) Mesolithic
  40. 1.8(b). (iii) Neolithic
  41. 1.8(b). (iv) Chalcolithic
  42. 1.8(b). (v) Copper-Bronze Age
  43. 1.8(b). (vi) Iron Age
  44. 1.8 Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
  45. 1.8 European mesolithic culture
  46. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  47. 2.1 The concept and characteristics of civilization;
  48. 2.1 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism
  49. 2.1 Acculturation: Assimilation
  50. 2.2 Social Institutions;
  51. 2.2 Social groups
  52. 2.2 Social stratification
  53. 2.3 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo);
  54. 2.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  55. 2.3 Functions of marriage;
  56. 2.3 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  57. 2.4 functions of family;
  58. 2.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession);
  59. 2.5 Consanguinity and Affinity;
  60. 2.2.1 THE CONCEPT OF SOCIETY
  61. 2.2.2 Culture and Society
  62. 5.3 Sacred and profane
  63. 5.4 Myths and Rituals
  64. 1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes
  65. 1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
  66. 1.6. (c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  67. 7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language
  68. 7.3 Social Context Of Language Use  
  69. 7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  70. 1.4 parallelism and convergence,
  71. 1.4 adaptive radiation,
  72. 1.4 mosaic evolution
  73. 1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  74. 1.5 Evolutionary Trend and  Primate Taxonomy;
  75. 1.5 Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  76. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy;
  77. 1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  78. 1.5 Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates;
  79. 1.5 Living Major Primates;
  80. 6.(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
  81. 6.(b) Historicism
  82. 6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  83. 6.(b) Diffusionism
  84. 6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  85. 6.(c) Functionalism
  86. 6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  87. 6.(c) Structural- functionalism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  88. 6.(d) Structuralism
  89. 6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  90. 6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  91. 6.(e) Culture and personality
  92. 6.(e) Culture and personality – Benedict
  93. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Mead
  94. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  95. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Kardiner      and
  96. 6.(e) Culture and personality- Cora – du Bois
  97. 6.(f) Neo-evolutionism
  98. 6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  99. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  100. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  101. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  102. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  103. 6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  104. 6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  105. 6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  106. 6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  107. 6.j Post- modernism in anthropology
  108. 4.1 Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state;
  109. 4.1 Chiefdom
  110. 4.2 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  111. 4.3 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
  112. 2.3 Definition of Marriage
  113. 2.3 Universality of Marriage;
  114. 2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  115. 2.4 Definition of  family
  116. 2.4 Universality of  family
  117. 2.4 Family, household and domestic groups;
  118. 2.4 Factors which affect family
  119. 2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  120. 2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  121. 2.4 Impact of feminist movements on family.
  122. 2.5 Kinship
  123. 2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  124. 2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  125. 2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  126. 2.5 Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation;
  127. 2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  128. 2.5 Descent
  129. 2.5 Alliance
  130. 5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  131. 5.2 monotheism and polytheism;
  132. 5 Religion
  133. 5 Magic
  134. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-animism,
  135. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- animatism,
  136. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  137. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  138. 5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies- totemism;
  139. 5.6 Religion, magic and science distinguished;
  140. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- priest,
  141. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- shaman,
  142. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- medicine man,
  143. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- sorcerer
  144. 5.7 magico- religious functionaries- witch
  145. 8.(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  146. 8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  147. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: observation,
  148. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: interview,
  149. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  150. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: questionnaire,
  151. 8.(c) Tools of data collection: Case study,
  152. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  153. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  154. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  155. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  156. 8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  157. 8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data
  158. 3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  159. 3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate;
  160. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  161. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  162. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  163. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  164. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture,
  165. 3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  166. 3. Principles of exchange and Tribal Market
  167. 3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  168. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis,
  169. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  170. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  171. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- co-twin method,
  172. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method,
  173. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- chromosomal
  174. 9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  175. 9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  176. 9.1.3 immunological methods,
  177. 9.1.4 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  178. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.
  179. 9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection,
  180. 9.3 Mendelian population,
  181. 9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law;
  182. 9.3 causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  183. 9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  184. 9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology-
  185. 9.4.(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  186. 9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  187. 9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  188. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-1
  189. 9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease-2
  190. 9.4.(d) Genetic screening,
  191. 9.4.(d) Genetic counseling,
  192. 9.4.(d) human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.
  193. 9.5 Race and Racism
  194. 9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  195. 9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  196. 9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  197. 9.5 Racial classification
  198. 9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes.
  199. 9.6 Physiological characteristics- Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  200. 9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology.
  201. 9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  202. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert,
  203. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate
  204. 9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  205. 9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  206. 9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  207. 9.8 Infectious diseases-2 
  208. 9.8 Non-infectious diseases.
  209. 9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  210. 9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  211. 10. Concept of human growth and development:
  212. 10 Principles of Human growth and development
  213. 10. stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  214. 10.Factors affecting growth and development- genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.
  215. 10.Theories and observations – Ageing and senescence.
  216. 10. Biological and chronological longevity.
  217. 10. Human physique and somatotypes.
  218. 10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  219. 11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  220. 11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  221. 11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  222. 11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  223. 12. Applied anthropology
  224. 12. Medical anthropology
  225. 12. Anthropology of sports,
  226. 12. Nutritional anthropology,
  227. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments,
  228. 12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments-2
  229. 12. Forensic Anthropology,
  230. 12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  231. 12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  232. 12. Genetic counselling
  233. 12. Eugenics
  234. 12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  235. 12. Applied human genetics –DNA technology in diseases and medicine
  236. 12. Applied human genetics – serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  237. 12. Applications of Anthropology
  238. 1.7  DNA structure
  239. 1.7 DNA replication
  240. 1.7 Protein Synthesis,
  241. 1.7 Mutation,
  242. 1.7 Chromosomes,
  243. 9 Gene therapy
  244. 9 Mutation
  245. 9 Mendelism
  246. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  247. 1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  248. 1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution.
  249. 1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  250. 226. 1.6.(d) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- Rhodesian man.
  251. 2. Culture
  252. 9.3 Genetic load
  253. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of
      1.  Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus),
      2. Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis),
      3. Asia     (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis)

254. 1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of- (e) Homo sapiens

      1. Cromagnon,
      2. Grimaldi
      3. Chancelede.

255. 4. Approaches to study politics

256. 10. Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence

257. I. Etic vs Emic view

258. I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market

259. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.

260. I.10.5 biological and chronological longevity.

261. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics-sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups

262. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- body fat in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

263. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- Hb level in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

264. I.2.3 Characteristics of marriage

265. I.2.3 Incest taboo

266. I.2.3 Different ways of acquiring mate in primitive societies

267. I.2.3 Joint Family

268. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- Co-twin study,

269. I.9.1 Exception to Mendel’s laws of inheritance

270. I.9.4 Gene mapping and genome study

271. I.1.5 Living Major Primates

272. I.1.5 Tertiary fossil primates

273. I.1.5 Quaternary fossil primates

274. I.12 Nutritional anthropology 

 275. I.12 DNA technology in disease & medicine.  

 276. I.10 Growth curve

277. I.7 Language and culture

278. I.9. Ethical, Legal and Social (ELS) Issues in Genetics

279. I. Holism Vs Atomism in Anthropology

280. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Rh blood groups

281. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HLA

282. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Gm

283. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- blood enzymes

284. I.2.3 Marriage- universality

285. I.2.4 Family- universality

286 I.9.4.d Human DNA profiling

 

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