Categories Anthropology I

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

Topic wise discussion – Paper I Anthropology

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  1. I. Etic vs Emic view
  2. I. Comparative study Vs Generalization in Anthropology

  3. I & II Anthropology and a pandemic- Coronacene epoch

  1. I.1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology
  2. I. Holism Vs Atomism in Anthropology
  1. I.1.2 Economic anthropology and economics
  2. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Life Sciences
  3. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Medical Sciences,
  4. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Management
  5. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work
  6. I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Sociology
  7. I.1.2. Social Anthropology and Psychology
  8. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Behavioural Sciences,
  9. I.1.2.1 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences
  1. I.1.2 Anthropology and history
  2. I.1.2 Anthropology and philosophy
  3. I.1.2 Anthropology and Zoology
  4. I.1.2 Political anthropology and political science
  5. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Earth Sciences
  6. I.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Humanities.
  1. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology- 2
  2. I.1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.
  1. I.1.3 Main branches of Anthropology
  2. I.1.3.1 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
  3. I.1.3.2 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (b) Biological Anthropology.
  4. I.1.3.3 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (c) Archaeological Anthropology.
 

  1. I.1.4 (b) Mutation Theory of Evolution
  2. I.1.4. (C) Synthetic theory of evolution
  3. I.1.4 Micro-evolution and Macro-evolution
  4. I.1.4 Parallelism and convergence
  5. I.1.4.C Doll’s rule
  6. I.1.4.C Gause’s rule
  1. I.1.4 (a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  2. I.1.4 (b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post- Darwinian)
  3. I.1.4 (b) Lamarckism
  4. I.1.4 (b) Neo- Lamarckism
  5. I.1.4(B) August Weismann- Theory of continuity of Germ -plasm
  6. I.1.4(b) Darwinism
  7. I.1.4 Adaptive radiation
  8. I.1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man
  9. I.1.4.C Cope’s rule
  10. I.1.4.c Mosaic evolution

 

  1. I.1.5 Primate Adaptations: (Arboreal and Terrestrial)
  2. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy- 2
  3. I.1.5 Primate taxonomy-3
  4. I.1.5.7 Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes;
  5. I.1.5 Quaternary fossil primates
  6. I.1.5 Tertiary fossil primates
  7. I.1.5 Living Major Primates
  1. I.1.5 Characteristics of Primates;
  2. I.1.5 Evolutionary Trend
  3. I.1.5 Primate Behaviour;
  4. I.1.5 Primate Taxonomy
  5. I.1.5.8 Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
 

  1. I.1.6.(a) Australopithecines
  2. I.1.6.(b) Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution- Homo erectus
  3. I.1.6.(e) Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.
  1. I.1.6 Hominid- comparative measures
  2. I.1.6.(d) Rhodesian man.
  3. I.1.6.(c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
  1. I.1.7 Chromosome
  2. I.1.7 DNA replication
  3. I.1.7 Protein synthesis
  1. I.1.7 DNA
  2. I.1.7 Gene
  3. I.1.7 Mutation
  4. I.1.7.1 The biological basis of life -The cell
  5. I.1.7. Cell Division
  1. 1.8.(a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.
  2. I.1.8.b Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures
  3. I.1.8 Prehistoric Art
  4. I.1.8 The European Mesolithic culture
  5. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Chalcolithic cultures:
  6. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Copper-Bronze Age cultures:
  7. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Iron Age cultures:
  8. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Mesolithic cultures:
  9. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Neolithic cultures:
  1. I.1.8.(a) Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods
  2. I.1.8.(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Paleolithic culture
  1. I.2.1.2 The concept and characteristics of civilization
  2. I.2.2.1 The Concept Of Society
  1. I.2 Acculturation: Assimilation
  2. I.2 Culture
  3. I.2.1.1 The concept and characteristics of culture
  4. I.2.1.2 Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis Cultural relativism
  1. I.2.2.5 Social stratification
  1. I.2.2.2 Culture and Society
  2. I.2.2.3 Social institution
  3. I.2.2.4 Social groups
  1. I.2.3 Marriage- universality
  2. I. 2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage)- 2
  3. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)-2
  4. I.2.3 Characteristics of marriage
  5. I.2.3 Incest taboo
  6. I.2.3 Different ways of acquiring mate in primitive societies
  1. I.2.3 Definition of marriage
  2. I.2.3 Marriage finances
  3. I.2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).
  4. I.2.3. 4. Functions of marriage
  5. I.2.3.2 Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo)
  6. I.2.3.3 Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage).
  7. I.2.3.5 Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
  1. I.2.4 Family- universality
  2. I.2.4 Impact of industrialization on family.
  3. I.2.4 Impact of urbanization on family.
  4.  I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)- 2
  5. I.2.4 Kibbutz (Israeli commune)

  6. I.2.4 Nature of changes in family

  7. I.2.4 Joint Family
  1. I.2.4 Definition of Family
  2. I.2.4 Factors which affect family
  3. I.2.4 Family, household and domestic groups
  4. I.2.4.4 Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession)
  5. I.2.4.3 Functions of family
  1. I.2.5 Descent and Alliance.
  2. I.2.5 Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal);
  1. I.2.5.1 Consanguinity and Affinity
  2. I.2.5 Descent
  3. I.2.5 Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);
  4. I.2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);
  5. I.2.5 Kinship
  1. I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market
  2. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – agriculture;
  3. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – fishing,
  4. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – horticulture
  5. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – hunting and gathering,
  6. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – pastoralism,
  7. I.3.3 Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on – swiddening,
  8. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems.
  9. I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems- Case studies

  1. I.3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology;
  2. I.3.2 Formalist and Substantivist debate
  1. I.4 Approaches to study politics
  2. I.4 Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy;
  3. I.4 Social control, law and justice in simple societies
 

  1. I.4.1 Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state
  2. I.4.1 Chiefdom
  1. I.5 Religion, Magic and Science distinguished
  2. I.5.4 Myths and Rituals
  3. I.5.6.1 Religion
  4. I.5.7 Magico- religious functionaries- Shaman
  5. 5.2 monotheism and polytheism;
  1. I.5 Religion
  2. I.5.1. Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional);
  3. I.5.3 SACRED AND PROFANE
  4. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-fetishism,
  5. I.5.5 Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies-naturism
  6. I.5.5.1 Animism
  7. I.5.5.2 Animatism
  8. I.5.5.5 Totemism
  9. I.5.6.2 Magic
  10. I.5.7.1 Priest
  11. I.5.7.3 Sorcerer, witch doctor, medicine man and medium
  1. I.6.(b) Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  2. I.6.(c) Functionalism
  3. I.6.(c) Functionalism (Malinowski);
  4. I.6.(c) Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe- Brown)
  5. I.6.(d) Structuralism
  6. I.6.(d) Structuralism – L’evi – Strauss
  7. I.6.(e) Culture and personality
  8. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Abram Kardiner
  9. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Alice Cora-Du-Bois
  10. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Margaret Mead
  11. I.6.(e) Culture and personality- Ralph Linton
  12. I.6.(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  13. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service
  14. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins
  15. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- V Gordon Childe
  16. I.6.(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  17. I.6.(J) Post- modernism in anthropology
  1. I.6.(a) Classical evolutionism
  2. I.6.(b) Diffusionism
  3. I.6.(b) Historical particularism (Boas);
  4. I.6.(b) Historicism
  5. I.6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach
  6. I.6.(e). Culture and personality- Ruth Benedict
  7. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Julian Steward
  8. I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Leslie White
  9. I.6.(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
  10. I.6.(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  1. I.7.3 Social Context Of Language Use-:
  2. I.7 Language and culture
  1. I.7.1 Nature, origin and characteristics of language;
  2. I.7.2 Verbal and non-verbal communication
  1. I.8.(b) Distinction between technique,method and methodology
  2. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  genealogy
  3. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history
  4. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  secondary sources of information
  5. I.8.C.2 a.  Tools of data collection- Focus group interview
  6. I.8.(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
  7. I.8 Methods of Sample taking
  1. I.8 (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
  2. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  life-history
  3. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods
  4. I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  schedules
  5. I.8.C.1  Tools of data collection- observation
  6. I.8.C.5 Tools of data collection-Case study
  7. I.8.C.4  Tools of data collection- Questionnaire
  1. I.9. Ethical, Legal and Social (ELS) Issues in Genetics
  2. I.9.1 Immunological methods,
  3. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- foster child,
  4. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- twin study,
  5. I.9.1Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- pedigree analysis
  6. I.9.1.2 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- Co-twin study,
  7. I.9.1 Exception to Mendel’s laws of inheritance
  1. I.9 Gene therapy
  2. I.9 Mendelism
  3. I.9.1 D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.
  4. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- cytogenetic method
  5. I.9.1.2 biochemical methods,
  6. I.9.1.1 Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study- karyo-type analysis
  1. I. 9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man- 2
  1. I.9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man-1.
  1. I.9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection
  2. I.9.3 Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.
  3. I.9.3 Genetic load
  4. I.9.3 Hardy- Weinberg law
  1. I.9.3 Causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift.
  2. I.9.3 Mutation
  3. I.9.3 Mendelian population,
  1. I.9.4 (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
  2. I.9.4.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
  3. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 2
  4. I.9.4.d Human DNA profiling
  5. I.9.4 Gene mapping and genome study
  1. I.9.4 Chromosomal aberrations in man
  2. I.9.4.(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
  3. I.9.4.(d) Genetic imprints in human diseases- 1
  4. I.9.4.(d) Genetic screening
  1. I.9.5 Race
  2. I.9.5 Race and racism,
  1. I.9.5 Biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters.
  2. I.9.5 biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.
  3. I.9.5 Racial classification
  4. I.9.5 Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment;
  1. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO
  2. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Rh blood groups
  3. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Gm
  4. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HLA
  5. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- HP

  6. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- Transferrin System
  7. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- body fat in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  8. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics- Hb level in different cultural and socio-economic groups.
  9. I.9.6.2 Physiological characteristics-sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups
  1. I.9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- blood enzymes
 

  1. I.9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology
  2. I.9.7 Adaptation, adaptability and acclimatization in human being

  1. I.9.7 Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors.
  2. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: cold climate.
  3. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: high altitude climate.
  4. I.9.7 Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert
  1. I.9.8 Infectious diseases- 2
  2. I.9.8 Nutritional deficiency related diseases.
  3. I.9.8 Non-infectious diseases.
  1. I.9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease.
  2. I.9.8 Infectious and non-infectious diseases.
  3. I.9.8 List of Infectious diseases.
  1. I.10 Ageing and senescence- Theories and observations
  2. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence
  3. I.10 Stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
  4. I.10.5 biological and chronological longevity.
  1. I.10 Factors affecting growth and development
  2. I.10 Human physique and somatotypes.
  3. I.10 Principles of Human growth and development
  4. I.10. Concept of human growth and development:
  5. I.10. Methodologies for growth studies.
  6. I.10 Growth curve
  1. I.11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility.
  2. I.11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.
  3. I.11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
  1. I.11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.
  1. I.12 Forensic Anthropology
  2. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments- 2
  3. I.12. Applied human genetics – genetic counselling and eugenics
  4. I.12. Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
  5. I.12. Serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
  6. I.12 Nutritional anthropology
  7. I.12 DNA technology in disease & medicine.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. I.12 Anthropology of sports,
  2. I.12 Applied anthropology
  3. I.12 Genetic counselling
  4. I.12. Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments
  5. I.12. Applications of Anthropology
  6. I.12. Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis
  7. I.12. Medical anthropology

 

 

 

 

 

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