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I.6.(a) Classical evolutionism

Classical evolutionism represent the earliest approach to building of anthropological theories. Basic Premises The classical Evolutionism is based on Darwin’s theory of evolution. It states that culture generally develops (or evolves) in a uniform and progressive manner. Most societies pass through the same or similar series of stages to arrive at a common end. Change […]

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I.1.6.(d) Rhodesian man.

In 1921 Swiss miner Tom Zwiglaar found human remains in broken hill mine rhodeisia in south Africa. It consisted of a skull with lower jaw , parts of femora, a tibia, a sacrum, portion of 2 pelvis and some fragments of other individuals. It belongs to upper Pleistocene period. Features skull is very long and […]

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I.1.4 Parallelism and convergence

Parallelism refers to the evolution of two related species in the same direction so that they resemble each other more than their common ancestor. Sometimes evolutionary change follows a common pathway in two or more unrelated or distantly-related organisms because of similar environmental pressures. It culminates in unrelated organisms with similar morphological characteristics even though […]

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I.1.4 Adaptive radiation

Adaptive radiation, evolution of an animal or plant group into a wide variety of types adapted to specialized modes of life. Adaptive radiations are best exemplified in closely related groups that have evolved in a relatively short time. Characteristics Four features can be used to identify an adaptive radiation: A common ancestry of component species: specifically a recent ancestry. Note that this is not […]

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I.2.3 Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).

In about 75% of the societies known to anthropology, one or more explicit economic transactions take place before or after the marriage. Such economic transactions may take several forms: bride price, bride service, exchange of females, gift exchange, dowry or indirect dowry. I. Bridewealth– Or bride-price or marriage payment, is a gift of money or goods […]

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