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I.1.3.4 Branch of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (d) Linguistic Anthropology.

Linguistic anthropology- is an interdisciplinary science which deals with the study of language as part of the cultural reality in human society. It is study of the origin, evolution and development of languages, it influence on social life, human social behaviour and activities, the creation and management of individual and group identities, social norms and ideals, biological implications of language in the functioning of society. Anthropological linguistics encompasses ethno-linguistics and socio-linguistics.

History and Development

  1. Franz Boas studied Native American Indian languages, description of grammar and typological categorisation.
  2. Edward Sapir used the term ‘anthropological linguistics’.
  3. Benjamin Lee Whorf gave hypothesis on linguistic relativity.
  4. Johann Gottfried von Herder – language determining human thought
  5. Wilhelm von Humboldt – idea of language being a rule-governed system
  6. Bronislaw Malinowski – the study of ethno-linguistics
  7. Dell Hymes – initiation of ‘ethnography of communication’
  8. Elinor Ochs and Bambi Schieffelin- language socialisation
  9. Valentin Voloshinov, Mikhail Bakhtin ,Roman Jakobson- the concept of language ideologies
  10. Michael Silverstein – language and its connection with social, economic and political
    ethics of society

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