Earth science or geoscience includes all fields of natural science related to the planet Earth. This is a branch of science dealing with the physical and chemical constitution of the Earth and its atmosphere.
The Earth sciences can include the study of geology, geography.
- Anthropology and geology
- Anthropology and geography
- Anthropology and pedology (study of soils)
Archaeology is closely linked to geology in analyzing the archaeological sites and in dating the past and finding out the chronological sequence. Anthropology is centered around men’s past including prehistoric, ptoto-historic past. To discover, analyze and interpret , archaeological anthropologists take the help of geologists, human geography. Before launching a proper and planned investigation of the prehistoric anthropology of a selected area or region, it is quite important to study the past geography and climate besides geology.
Climatologist helps in meaningful and objective assessment of the climatic conditions of the past mainly through geological deposits of different types and their impact on the life activities of prehistoric communities particularly with regard to their psycho-social development. Geology provides the law of stratigraphy which as the foundation of our knowledge of chronological order of facts with the position and nature of each stratum containing prehistoric remains furnishes information and interpretation, analysis of the relative antiquity of the finds as well as the strata and understanding the environment existed in the past .
The knowledge of different rock types in relation to different prehistoric cultures is essential in all prehistoric investigations. Pedology, the science of soils, is related to study of prehistory. The analysis of the soil is used in dating, understanding the manner of the formation of deposits as well as about the environment at the time of their formation.