Categories Anthropology I

I.12. Serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology

Cytogenetics: Cytogenetics is the study of the structure and function of the cell, particularly chromosomes. It analyzes the number and structure of human and animal chromosomes. Changes that affect the number of chromosomes can cause problems with growth and development. Chromosomal abnormalities can happen when egg and sperm cells are being made during early fetal […]

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I.1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution- Homo erectus

Homo erectus lived for more than one million years and spread from Africa to Asia . He is the earliest species in the human lineage to have so many human-like qualities. Homo erectus is often referred to as the first cosmopolitan hominin lineage, meaning the first hominin species whose geographic range had expanded beyond a single continental region. […]

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I.1.2 Social Anthropology and Social work

Keith Hart – the only thing which can truly distinguish anthropology from the rest of the social sciences is that it addresses human nature plus culture plus society. Social anthropology is the systematic study of social relationships at levels ranging from individual interaction to global political and economic relations. It also examines the cultural, historical, […]

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I.1.6 Hominid- comparative measures

Australopithecus afarensis Male: 1.51m (4’11”), 45kg Female: 1.95m (3’5”), 29kg Australopithecus africanus Male: 1.38m (4’6”), 41kg Female: 1.15m (3’9”), 30kg Homo habilis Male: 1.57m (5’2”), 52kg Female: 1.18m (3’10”), 32kg Paranthropus robustus Male: 1.32m (4’4”), 40kg Female: 1.1m (3’7”), 32kg Homo erectus Male: 1.8m (5’11”), 66kg Female: 1.6m (5’3”), 56kg Homo heidelbergensis Male: 1.82m (6’), […]

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I.2.5 Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred);

Descent groups – lineages When unilineal descent principle (traces descent only through a single line of ancestors, male or female) is applied people become members of multigenerational groups of close relatives called lineages. Types- depending on whether links are traced through women or men. Matrilineages Patrilineages Members of a lineage can actually trace links back […]

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