Categories Anthropology

4.1 Chiefdom

The Chiefdom: A third stage of pre-state organization, the chiefdom, first appeared in the Near East around 7,500 B.P. Chiefdoms were probably theocracies, with the ruler or a member of his family serving as a high religious official. For the first time, the position of leader existed apart from the person who occupied. That is, […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  participatory methods

Participant observation is traditionally associated with the Chicago school of sociology and anthropology . Participant observation is one type of data collection method typically done in the qualitative research paradigm. It is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly cultural anthropology. Its aim is to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given […]

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Categories Uncategorized

I.8.(c) Tools of data collection:  oral history

Oral history is a field of study and a method of gathering, preserving and interpreting the voices and memories of people, communities, and participants in past events. Oral history is both the oldest type of historical inquiry, predating the written word, and one of the most modern, initiated with tape recorders and 21st-century digital technologies. […]

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Categories Uncategorized

I.1.8.(a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology.

1. Chronology of events- a. relative and absolute dating b. geological time scale 2. Study of Archeological remains- Archaeological remains are the material things people leave behind them and are retrieved by the archaeologists from the earth. They may be collected from the surface of the site or dug up. Remains of the environment Remains […]

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