Categories Anthropology I

I.6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach

Leach, student of Malinowski and Firth; believed that there was no inconsistency between ‘‘functionalism’’ and‘‘structuralism’’. His ‘structuralism’-cum-‘functionalism’ consisted in seeing ‘relational systems’ as ‘transformations’ of one another, that certain devices stemming from or assimilable to his mathematical and engineering training such as binary arithmetic, information theory, computer coding, could be deployed for perceiving patterns in […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service

Service gave “Law of Evolutionary Potential’‘ in the context of culture. This “law,” borrowed from biological evolution, states “The more specialized and adapted a form in a given evolutionary stage, the smaller its potential for passing on to the next stage.” He developed the concept of general evolutionary change and specific evolutionary change. Elman Service […]

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Categories Anthropology I

6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins

He divided the evolution of societies into “general” and “specific”. General evolution is the tendency of cultural and social systems to increase in complexity, organization and adaptiveness to environment. However, as the various cultures are not isolated, there is interaction and a diffusion of their qualities (like technological inventions). This leads cultures to develop in different ways (specific evolution), as […]

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Categories Anthropology I

1.9.4.(d) Genetic screening

Genetic screening is the application of a test on people for the systematic early detection or exclusion of a hereditary disease, a genetic predisposition to a disease, or to determine whether a person carries a predisposition which may produce a hereditary disease in their offspring. Genetic screening may be used in populations at risk for […]

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