Categories Anthropology II

II.1. Indian Mesolithic culture

The Mesolithic culture otherwise known as Middle Stone Age, Late Stone Age, Epi- Palaeolithc and Early Neolithic culture, was a transitional stage between the Upper Palaeolithic and the Neolithic in India. Its geographical distribution was wide extending across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar and West […]

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Categories Anthropology II

II.5.1 Traditional and changing patterns of inter-caste relations

Caste constitutes, both a super-structure and a social reality rooted deep into the social and cultural milieu of Indian society. The latter, however, being in transition, is characterised by both continuity and change, especially when one finds social cleavages based on caste and ethnicity. In a village, members of different castes are often linked in […]

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Categories Anthropology II

II.7.1.3 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Other Backward Classes

Problems of defining OBC. Constitution neither define nor list OBCs – Only mentions Socially, educationally , economically backward classes. Backwardness as an indication of the status of an individual has not been clearly defined by the Constitution. However the term Backwardness is used in this thesis as a scale of comparative status of a given […]

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Categories Anthropology II

II.5 SOCIAL CLASSES IN RURAL INDIA

T.K. Oommen lists the following five categories. Landlords, who own but do not cultivate land, either employing intermediaries or leasing out land. Rich farmers, who look upon agriculture as a business proposition, produce for the market and for profit, employ wage labour, and supervise rather than cultivate. Middle peasants, who cultivate their own land and […]

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