Categories Anthropology I

I.6.(e) Culture and personality

Culture and personality school viewed the interaction between psychological and cultural forces at work on the human experience. Culture and Personality thoughts are too diverse in nature to be called a homogenous “school of thought.” Ruth Benedict gave concept of Culture pattern, Margaret Mead studied impact of culture on personality, Linton advocated concept basic culture […]

Advertisements
Read More
Categories Anthropology I

I.12. Medical anthropology

Applied medical anthropologists consider both the sociocultural and the biological contexts and implications of disease and illness. Perceptions of good and bad health, along with actual health threats and problems, differ among societies. Various ethnic groups percieve different illnesses, symptoms, and causes differently and have developed different health-care systems and treatment strategies. Medical anthropology studies […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology I

I.6.(d) Structuralism- Edmund Leach

Leach, student of Malinowski and Firth; believed that there was no inconsistency between ‘‘functionalism’’ and‘‘structuralism’’. His ‘structuralism’-cum-‘functionalism’ consisted in seeing ‘relational systems’ as ‘transformations’ of one another, that certain devices stemming from or assimilable to his mathematical and engineering training such as binary arithmetic, information theory, computer coding, could be deployed for perceiving patterns in […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology I

I.6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Elman Service

Service gave “Law of Evolutionary Potential’‘ in the context of culture. This “law,” borrowed from biological evolution, states “The more specialized and adapted a form in a given evolutionary stage, the smaller its potential for passing on to the next stage.” He developed the concept of general evolutionary change and specific evolutionary change. Elman Service […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology I

6.(f) Neo- evolutionism- Marshall David Sahlins

He divided the evolution of societies into “general” and “specific”. General evolution is the tendency of cultural and social systems to increase in complexity, organization and adaptiveness to environment. However, as the various cultures are not isolated, there is interaction and a diffusion of their qualities (like technological inventions). This leads cultures to develop in different ways (specific evolution), as […]

Read More