Categories Anthropology II

II.6 Role of Jawahar Lal Nehru in Tribal development

Post-independence, the foundation of the tribal policy was laid out by Jawaharlal Nehru. After independence, the circumstances in the tribal areas required his direct intervention and he was duty bound as the Prime Minister of the country. The secessionist movements in the north east draw his attention to the tribal issues in that area. It […]

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Categories Anthropology II

II.4.2 Verrier Elwin

Verrier Elwin was an anthropologist.He says “but unlike professional anthropologist of today I did not begin with it. My interest in human beings began with literature.” Elwin’s concern for tribals and his interest in studying and understanding them was  a purely humanistic perspective. His direct interaction with tribals began in 1931 when he moved to […]

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Categories Anthropology II

II.4.2 A.V. Thakkar

A.V. Thakkar had had worked with tribals especially Bhils. He was popularly known as Bappa. He was a strong critique of the Isolation approach of Elwin. He stood in favour of the Assimilation approach. This was the beginning of the long debate on the two approaches- Isolation and Assimilation, to deal with tribal issues and […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.3.4 Globalization and indigenous economic systems- Case studies

Tribals live in peripheral market system and they had different degree of exposure to globalization and colonialism. The impact of colonial rule was greatly determined by indigenous customs and traditional values. For example, Nandi and Bushman tribe in Africa were mainly hunting and gathering tribes and they partly practiced pastoralism. The concept of land, private […]

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Categories Uncategorized

II.7.2 Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections- Case studies

The People of India Project of Anthropological Survey of India discussing the Gond tribe states that The Statutory panchayats are elected bodies. These however have their activities limited to planning and implementation of welfare and developmental activities at village level. Apparently there is no clash between traditional Gond leadership and the statutory panchayat as yet […]

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