Categories Anthropology I

I.3 Principles of exchange and Tribal Market

Karl Polanyi, Sahlins and Service studied the existence of different types of exchange in different societies mainly in primitive societies. According to Polanyi, there are 3 modes of exchange. Reciprocity Re-distribution Trade Gift trade Administrative trade Market trade I. Reciprocity – it is the exchange of goods and services between units of the same kind, […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I. Etic vs Emic view

Emic and etic are two different approaches when trying to explain social realities observed while conducting fieldwork in anthropology and other social sciences. When looking at any culture, our own or someone else’s, it is possible to have two different perspectives. Being an ethnographer requires the ability to move easily from one perspective to the […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.2.5 Descent and Alliance.

Descent theory Descent theoryis also known as lineage theory. It was put to prominence by functionalist school, chief being Redcliff Brown. The classical phase of descent theory- there are three stages The first phase of the classical period involves the creation of the new models of descent which was done by Henry Maine and Lewis […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.9.6.1 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA, Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes.

Previous Year Questions: What are genetic markers and what is their usefulness? Why are blood groups considered as good genetic markers? Illustrate with examples. (15Marks 2013) Discuss the role of ABO blood group system in resolving cases of disputed paternity (20Marks 2012) Give a competitive account of the variations in hemoglobin levels and respiratory functions […]

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Categories Anthropology I

I.4 Approaches to study politics

I. Evolutionary approach: Morgan, Maine, Me Lennan and Bachofen proposed evolutionary approach for understanding power and politics in different societies. A state operates under a market economy and has intense specialization of labour.  According to Morgan, Maine, Me Lennan and Bachofen, power did not exist in the infant stage of human society. But, later men […]

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