Categories Anthropology

I.2 Acculturation: Assimilation

Acculturation is the process of systematic cultural change of a particular society carried out by an alien, dominant society. Alfred Kroeber stated that acculturation consists of  those changes in one culture brought about by contact with another culture, resulting  in an increased similarity between the two cultures. Kroeber (1948) described acculturation as changes produced in […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology

4.1 Chiefdom

The Chiefdom: A third stage of pre-state organization, the chiefdom, first appeared in the Near East around 7,500 B.P. Chiefdoms were probably theocracies, with the ruler or a member of his family serving as a high religious official. For the first time, the position of leader existed apart from the person who occupied. That is, […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology

I.2.5 Descent

Descent Rules Cultural recognition of children as kin of one or both parents is basis for the descent concept. Some societies trace through both parents (e.g., Canada and the United States). Other societies trace descent through only one of the parent’s family line. There are two basic descent systems: corporate and cognatic. Cognatic descent is also […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology

I.11.1 Fertility patterns and differentials.

Fertility patterns The Socialist Fertility of Pattern The Capitalistic pattern of fertility J shaped curve U shaped curve Fertility differentials A. Geographical differentials 1. Regional Differences • Differentials exist among different regions in a nation • States and UTs in India for example. 2. Rural-urban Differentials • Rural areas have more fertility than urban B. […]

Read More
Categories Anthropology

I.2.4 Impact of feminist movements on family.

Feminist movements and the increased entry of women into the workplace beginning in the twentieth century has affected gender roles and the division of labor within the family. Better education has resulted in greater financial independence and more career choices for women. Women have begun to shun marriage. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in […]

Read More